Die Werksabnahme ist die Abnahme eines Produktes noch beim Hersteller (engl. Factory Acceptance Test - FAT). Im Anschluss an die Werksabnahme folgt. Die Abkürzung FAT steht für: Far Eastern Air Transport, eine taiwanische Fluggesellschaft; Farnair Switzerland, eine Schweizer Fluggesellschaft (ICAO- Code). File Allocation Table (kurz FAT [fæt], englisch für Dateizuordnungstabelle) bezeichnet eine ursprünglich von Microsoft entwickelte, weit verbreitete Familie.
Fat VideoSMG4: War Of The Fat Italians 2018
In his later years, he inclined to fat. Compare lean 2 def A fat chance he has of winning the title! A fat lot they care about anyone else's troubles!
Now that they have been given an ultimatum, the fat is in the fire. Related Words for fat bulky , obese , inflated , bulging , hefty , large , chunky , big , heavy , meaty , plump , fatty , greasy , lucrative , flesh , grease , lard , gross , bull , solid.
Historical Examples of fat There—do you see that fat man that's just going out—him as has got on the Indy 'ankycher? Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, No.
Way of the Lawless Max Brand. Woman's Institute Library of Cookery, Vol. They are present in some plants and in the adipose tissue of animals, forming a reserve energy source, and are used in making soap and paint and in the food industry See also oil def.
Any of various soft, solid, or semisolid organic compounds constituting the esters of glycerol and fatty acids and their associated organic groups.
A mixture of such compounds occurring widely in organic tissue, especially in the adipose tissue of animals and in the seeds, nuts, and fruits of plants.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. Any of a large number of oily compounds that are widely found in plant and animal tissues and serve mainly as a reserve source of energy.
In mammals, fat, or adipose tissue , is deposited beneath the skin and around the internal organs, where it also protects and insulates against heat loss.
Fat is a necessary, efficient source of energy. An ounce of fat contains more than twice as much stored energy as does an ounce of protein or carbohydrates and is digested more slowly, resulting in the sensation of satiety after eating.
It also enhances the taste, aroma, and texture of food. Fats are made chiefly of triglycerides, each molecule of which contains three fatty acids.
Dietary fat supplies humans with essential fatty acids, such as linoleic acid and linolenic acid. Fats fulfill other valuable functions in plants and animals.
Subcutaneous deposits of fat insulate animals against cold because of the low rate of heat transfer in fat, a property especially important for animals living in cold waters or climates—e.
Fats that have been separated from tissues always contain small quantities of closely associated nonglyceride lipids such as phospholipids, sterols, vitamins A, D, and E, and various carotenoid pigments.
Many of these substances are vital emulsifying agents or growth factors. Others function as agents that prevent deterioration of fats in plant tissues and seeds caused by destructive combination with oxygen.
These minor constituents probably are present in the fats as a result of their physical solubility, and thus fats serve as carriers for these substances in animal diets.
Many animals require some fat containing one or more of the essential fatty acids linoleic , arachidonic , and to a limited extent linolenic to prevent the physical symptoms of essential-fatty-acid deficiency manifested by skin lesions, scaliness, poor hair growth, and low growth rates.
These essential fatty acids must be supplied in the diet since they cannot be synthesized in the body. The prostaglandins , discovered by the Nobel laureate U.
These biologically active fatty acids, which are present in very minute quantities in animal tissues, apparently are involved in contraction of smooth muscles, enzyme activity in lipid metabolism, function of the central nervous system , regulation of pulse rate and blood pressure , function of steroid hormones, fat mobilization in adipose tissue , and a number of other vital functions.
Formation of fats in seeds and fruits occurs late in the ripening process. Sugars and starches predominate in fruits, seeds, and sap in the unripe condition.
These apparently are converted by enzymes during the maturing process to fatty acids and glycerol, which then form glycerides. Studies with radioactive-tracer techniques confirm the synthesis of fats from carbohydrates in both plants and animals.
In fact, it has been shown by the use of labeled acetic acid , or acetate, ions that any food source from which acetate ions may form as an intermediate metabolite can be converted to fatty acids in at least some animal tissues.
It has been further demonstrated that acetate can be converted to cholesterol in animal tissue. It is noteworthy that, almost without exception, natural fats contain only fatty acids with an even number of carbon atoms.
These acids apparently are built up of two-carbon units. Although the preponderance of fatty acids with 18 carbon atoms has suggested the hypothesis that fats are derived from three molecules of glucose a carbohydrate with six carbon atoms , later discoveries through tracer studies have indicated the buildup from the two-carbon acetate units.
Since acetate can be formed from fats, proteins, or carbohydrates by reaction with oxygen, it is thus possible for fats to be synthesized indirectly from any of these sources.
The formation of multiple linkages between carbon atoms double bonds in the fats synthesized from acetate is accomplished probably in the liver by addition or removal of hydrogen atoms through the action of enzymes.
Utilization of stored fat by plant embryos has not been entirely explained, but it is known that in germinating embryos the glycerides are hydrolyzed—that is, decomposed to glycerol and fatty acids—by lipolytic fat-splitting enzymes.
These may pass through oxidative processes to form intermediate metabolic products that can be oxidized further to carbon dioxide and water or can be converted to carbohydrates, which may then pass through the many steps of carbohydrate metabolism.
In animal digestive tracts, the fats in foods are emulsified with digestive secretions containing lipase , an enzyme that hydrolyzes at least part of the glycerides.
The glycerol, partial glycerol esters, fatty acids, and some glycerides are then absorbed through the intestine and are at least partially recombined to form glycerides and phospholipids.
The fat, in the form of microscopic droplets, is transported in the blood to points of use or storage. The fat of an individual animal may vary somewhat according to the composition of fats in the food.
Fats used by or stored in animal tissues come from two sources—enzymatic synthesis and diet. The fat synthesized from carbohydrates intermediates followed by enzymatic resynthesis to form the fat characteristic of the animal, but some dietary fatty acids are absorbed directly and recombined in the body fat.
The manner in which fat reserves are circulated to the organs where metabolism occurs is incompletely understood. Radioactive-tracer studies provide some insight into this complicated process.
It has long been established that when mobilization of reserve fat takes place the stream is directed primarily to the liver , where fatty acids may be partially desaturated; i.
This apparently facilitates subsequent oxidation in other tissues. Fatty acids also may be oxidized directly in the various tissues as well as in the liver.
Fatty-acid metabolism is presumed to be by oxidation in successive two- and four-carbon stages. Intermediate products could be acetoacetate and acetate groups.
If the mechanism is faulty, acetone is formed and excreted acetonuria. The final products of normal metabolism are carbon dioxide and water.
We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.
Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.
Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Read More on This Topic. Page 1 of 2. Next page Chemical composition of fats.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Oil , any greasy substance that is liquid at room temperature and insoluble in water.
It may be fixed, or nonvolatile, oil; essential oil; or mineral oil see petroleum. A brief treatment of fixed oils follows.
For full treatment of edible oils, see fat and oil processing. Fixed oils and fats have the…. Food processing , any of a variety of operations by which raw foodstuffs are made suitable for consumption, cooking, or storage.
A brief treatment of food processing follows. For fuller treatment of storage methods, see food preservation. Almost all dietary fat is stored as triglycerides.
Solubility in water is necessary in order for fat to be transferred from the lumen of the intestine to the absorptive cells.
Many factors, such as the length of the fatty acid chains of the triglycerides,….An der Antriebsachse sind vor allem Super-Single-Reifen besonders effizient. Name des Dateisystems durch Leerzeichen aufgefüllt. Dazu wurde ein nutzlastabhängiger Lastverteilungsplan entwickelt. Gut jede fünfte aller Fahrten im Wirtschaftsverkehr wird dabei als parksuchverkehrsrelevant eingeschätzt. Als Beispiel sind hier die ersten Bytes aufgeführt: Haben die durchgeführten Prüfungen keine oder nur unbedeutende Mängel ergeben, kann die Maschine abgenommen werden. Windows for Workgroups 3. Unterschiedlich raue Fahrbahnoberflächen eishockey 2. liga live den Rollwiderstand weniger zufallsgenrator beeinflussen, als das bei als bei Pkw-Reifen der Fall ist. Das Stammverzeichnis englisch root directoryauch Wurzelverzeichnis oder Hauptverzeichnis genannt, ist eine Tabelle von Verzeichniseinträgen. Sie konzentriert sich in ihrer Arbeit auf fünf Forschungsschwerpunkte: Mit ihren Projekten untermauern die FAT-Mitglieder den No Deposit Casino at Casino.com Canada High-Tech-Anspruch der deutschen Automobilindustrie und deren Streben nach neuen, noch besseren Lösungen für eine umweltfreundliche, sichere und komfortable Mobilität von Beste Spielothek in West Ahrensmoor finden. Jahr seit ; z. Diese Informationen werden bisher jedoch so gut wie nie zur Verkehrslenkung genutzt. Da ältere Betriebssysteme mit diesem neuen Typ nicht arbeiten konnten, wurde für die Verwendung auf partitionierten Medien fat ein neuer Partitionstyp 06h dafür definiert. Sie erzeugen 16 bis 18 Prozent weniger Rollwiderstand als eine Zwillingsbereifung. Die ersten beiden Einträge sind Pseudoeinträge, die eigentliche Nummerierung interwetten konto löschen mit 2. Die Werksabnahme wird gewöhnlich gemeinsam von Auftraggeber und Auftragnehmer oder deren Bevollmächtigten durchgeführt. FAT12 wird nur auf Datenträgern bzw. Does this dress make me look fat? Dazu wurde ein nutzlastabhängiger Lastverteilungsplan entwickelt. Media Descriptor Byte .