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Winbledon

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Wimbledon – All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Church Road, Wimbledon, SW19 5AE London – Mit bewertet, basierend auf Die Wimbledon Championships waren das dritte von vier Grand-Slam- Turnieren der Saison, den am höchsten dotierten Tennisturnieren. Es fand vom 2 . Wimbledon [ˈwɪmbəldən] ist ein Stadtteil von London. Er gehört zum Bezirk London Borough of Merton in Greater London und liegt rund elf Kilometer. Das ist Beste Spielothek in Altenzollen finden Bezirk im Südwesten Londons. Doch zu unterschätzen ist der zweifache Championnicht. Einblenden Ausblenden Navigation aufklappen Navigation zuklappen. Carl Colt Bernard Hill: Bereits eine Woche zuvor, am Montag, den

The name Wimbledon means "Wynnman's hill", with the final element of the name being the Celtic "dun" hill. At the time the Domesday Book was compiled around , Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake , and so was not recorded.

The manor was held by the church until when Thomas Arundel , Archbishop of Canterbury fell out of favour with Richard II and was exiled.

The manor was confiscated and became crown property. The manor remained crown property until the reign of Henry VIII when it was granted briefly to Thomas Cromwell , Earl of Essex , until Cromwell was executed in and the land was again confiscated.

The manor was next held by Henry VIII's last wife and widow Catherine Parr until her death in when it again reverted to the monarch.

In the s, Henry's daughter, Mary I , granted the manor to Cardinal Reginald Pole who held it until his death in when it once again become royal property.

Mary's sister, Elizabeth I held the property until when she gave the manor house but not the manor to Christopher Hatton who sold it in the same year to Sir Thomas Cecil , Earl of Exeter.

The lands of the manor were given to the Cecil family in and a new manor house, Wimbledon Palace , was constructed and gardens laid out in the formal Elizabethan style.

Wimbledon's convenient proximity to the capital was beginning to attract other wealthy families and in Robert Bell, Master of the Worshipful Company of Girdlers and a director of the British East India Company built Eagle House as a home at an easy distance from London.

The Cecil family retained the manor for fifty years before it was bought by Charles I in for his Queen, Henrietta Maria.

Following the King's execution in , the manor passed rapidly through various parliamentarian ownerships including Leeds MP Adam Baynes and civil war general John Lambert but, following the restoration of the monarchy in , was back in the ownership of Henrietta Maria now Charles I's widow and mother of the new King, Charles II.

The Dowager Queen sold the manor in to George Digby , Earl of Bristol , who employed John Evelyn to improve and update the landscape in accordance with the latest fashions including grottos and fountains.

The Osborne family sold the manor to Sir Theodore Janssen in Janssen, a director of the South Sea Company , began a new house to replace the Cecil-built manor house but, due to the spectacular collapse of the company, never finished it.

The next owner was Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough , who increased the land belonging to the manor and completed the construction of a house to replace Jansen's unfinished effort in On her death in , the property passed to her grandson, John Spencer, and subsequently to the first Earl Spencer.

The village continued to grow and the introduction in the 18th century of stagecoach services from the Dog and Fox public house made the journey to London routine, although not without the risk of being held-up by highwaymen such as Jerry Abershawe on the Portsmouth Road.

The stage coach horses would be stabled at the rear of the pub in the now named 'Wimbledon Village Stables'. The manor house burnt down in the s and was replaced with Wimbledon Park House in by the second Earl.

At this time the manor lands included Wimbledon Common a heath and the enclosed parkland around the manor house. The area of the park corresponded to the modern Wimbledon Park area, The house was east of St Mary's church.

Wimbledon House, a separate residence close to the village at the south end of Parkside near present-day Peek Crescent , was home in the s to the exiled French statesman Vicomte de Calonne , and later to the mother of writer Frederick Marryat.

Their association with the area is recorded in the names of nearby Calonne and Marryat Roads. Directly south of the common, the earlyth-century Warren House called Cannizaro House from was home to a series of grand residents.

For a number of years Wimbledon Park was leased to the Duke of Somerset , who briefly in the s employed a young Joseph Paxton as one of his gardeners, but, in the s, the Spencer family sold the park as building land.

A period of residential development began with the construction of large detached houses in the north of the park. In , the Spencers attempted to get parliamentary permission [6] to enclose the common for the creation of a new park with a house and gardens and to sell part for building.

Following an enquiry, permission was refused and a board of conservators was established in [7] [8] to take ownership of the common and preserve it in its natural condition.

Transport links expanded further with new railway lines to Croydon Wimbledon and Croydon Railway, opened in and Tooting Tooting, Merton and Wimbledon Railway, opened in The District Railway now London Underground 's District line extended its service over new tracks from Putney in In the second half of the century, Wimbledon experienced a very rapid expansion of its population.

During this, time large numbers of villas and terraced houses were built along the roads from the centre towards neighbouring Putney, Merton Park and Raynes Park.

The commercial and civic development of the town also accelerated during this period. Ely's department store opened in and shops began to stretch along the Broadway towards Merton.

Wimbledon built its first police station in Cultural developments included a Literary Institute by the early s and the opening of Wimbledon Library in The religious needs of the growing population were dealt with by a church building programme starting with the rebuilding of St Mary's Church in and the construction of Christ Church and Trinity Church Street names reflect the period: The change of character of Wimbledon from village to small town was recognised in when, under the Local Government Act , it formed the Wimbledon Urban District with an elected council.

Wimbledon's population continued to grow at the start of the 20th century, a condition recognised in when the urban district was incorporated as the Municipal Borough of Wimbledon , with the power to select a Mayor.

By the end of the first decade of the new century Wimbledon had established the beginnings of the Wimbledon School of Art at the Gladstone Road Technical Institute and acquired its first cinema and the theatre.

Somewhat unusually, at its opening the theatre's facilities included a Turkish baths. In , the council built itself a new red brick and Portland stone Town Hall next to the station on the corner of Queen's Road and Wimbledon Bridge.

By the s, residential expansion had peaked in Wimbledon and the new focus for local growth had moved to neighbouring Morden which had remained rural until the arrival of the Underground at Morden station in Wimbledon station was rebuilt by Southern Railway with a simple Portland stone facade for the opening of a new railway branch line from Wimbledon to Sutton.

The Wimbledon to Sutton line opened in Damage to housing stock in Wimbledon and other parts of London during the Second World War led to the final major building phase when many of the earlier Victorian houses built with large grounds in Wimbledon Park were sub-divided into apartments or demolished and replaced with apartment blocks.

Other parts of Wimbledon Park which had previously escaped being built upon saw local authority estates constructed by the borough council to house some of those who had lost their homes.

Initially, the new borough's administrative centre was at Wimbledon Town Hall but this moved to the fourteen-storey Crown House in Morden in the early s.

During the s and s, Wimbledon town centre struggled to compete commercially with the more developed centres at Kingston and Sutton.

Part of the problem was the shortage of locations for large anchor stores to attract customers. After a number of years in which the council seemed unable to find a solution, The Centre Court shopping centre was developed on land next to the station providing the much needed focus for retail expansion.

The shopping centre incorporated the old town hall building. A new portico, in keeping with the old work, was designed by Sir George Grenfell-Baines who had worked on the original designs over fifty years earlier.

Wimbledon lies in the south west area of London , south of Wandsworth , west of Mitcham , north of Sutton and east of Kingston upon Thames on the outskirts of Greater London.

It is 7 miles The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

It is considered an affluent suburb with a mix of grand Victorian houses, modern housing and low rise apartments.

The population consists around 68, adults, the majority in the ABC1 social group. Wimbledon is covered by several wards in the London Borough of Merton, making it difficult to produce statistics for the town as a whole.

Locals, newsagents, tradesman and Estate Agents refer to certain streets informally after their "street name" themes:. At the time the Domesday Book was compiled around , Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake.

The ownership of the manor of Wimbledon changed hands many times during its history. Wimbledon formed the name of a larger borough of Wimbledon and was within the county of Surrey ; it was absorbed into the London Borough of Merton as part of the creation of Greater London in In the businesses in Wimbledon voted for the introduction of a Business Improvement District.

Love Wimbledon was formed in April , funded and managed by the business community to promote and enhance the town center. In the s, at the bottom of the hill on land between the railway line and Worple Road, the All-England Croquet Club had begun to hold its annual championships.

But the popularity of croquet was waning as the new sport of lawn tennis began to spread and after initially setting aside just one of its lawns for tennis, the club decided to hold its first Lawn Tennis Championship in July By , the popularity of tennis had grown to the extent that the club's small ground could no longer cope with the numbers of spectators and the renamed All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club moved to new grounds close to Wimbledon Park.

Wimbledon has also been well known for another period of sporting fame. From a small, long-established non-League team, Wimbledon Football Club had, from , climbed quickly through the ranks of the Football League structure, reaching the highest national professional league in and winning the FA Cup against Liverpool in However, the proximity of other more established teams, such as Chelsea and Fulham and its small ground, meant that the club struggled to increase its fan base to the size needed to maintain a top-flight team.

In the team was relegated from the top division of English football after 14 years. Wimbledon moved into a stadium at Plough Lane in and played there for 79 years, until beginning a groundshare with Crystal Palace at Selhurst Park near Croydon , as their progress through the Football League meant that redeveloping Plough Lane to the required modern standards was impractical.

The stadium stood dormant for 10 years until it was finally demolished in A housing development now occupies the site.

In May , an FA commission controversially allowed the owners of the club to relocate 70 miles north to the town of Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire , despite vehement fan protests.

This represented a previously unheard-of acceptance by the FA of American style sports team franchising, and the decision was universally criticised.

The club also won the Combined Counties League Premier Challenge Cup in and the Surrey Senior Cup in to complete consecutive league and cup doubles, one of which finishing the season unbeaten in the league.

On 21 May , promotion to the football league was achieved when AFC Wimbledon won their Conference Premier play-off against Luton Town on penalty kicks after a goalless draw and extra time at City of Manchester Stadium This put Wimbledon back into English Football League , a remarkable achievement in such a short time.

In the s, the newly formed National Rifle Association held its first competition on Wimbledon Common. The association and the annual competition grew rapidly and by the early s, rifle ranges were established on the common.

In the competitions were lasting two weeks and attracting nearly 2, competitors, housed in temporary camps set up across the common.

When British players do well at Wimbledon, the hill attracts fans for them, and is often renamed after them by the press: As both of them have now retired and Andy Murray is the number 1 British player, the hill is occasionally referred to as "Murray Mound" or " Murrayfield ", as a reference to his Scottish heritage and the Scottish rugby ground of the same name, but this has largely failed to catch on — the area is still usually referred to as Henman Hill.

None of these nicknames are official. The qualifying matches, prior to the main draw, take place at the Bank of England Sports Ground, in Roehampton , 3.

Social commentator Ellis Cashmore describes Wimbledon as having "a David Niven -ish propriety", conforming to the standards of behaviour common in the s.

Writer Peter York sees the event as representing a particular white and affluent type of Britishness, describing the area of Wimbledon as "a southern, well off, late-Victorian suburb with a particular social character".

Cashmore has criticised the event for being "remote and insulated" from the changing multicultural character of modern Britain, describing it as "nobody's idea of all-things-British".

In the championship games, ball boys and girls, known as BBGs, play a crucial role in the smooth running of the tournament, with a brief that a good BBG "should not be seen.

They should blend into the background and get on with their jobs quietly. From ball boys were supplied by Goldings, [42] the only Barnardos school to provide them.

Prior to this, from the s onwards, the ball boys had been provided by The Shaftesbury Children's Home. Since , BBGs have been provided by local schools.

As of they are drawn from schools in the London boroughs of Merton , Sutton , Kingston , and Wandsworth , as well as from Surrey.

This was possibly owing to their proximity to the club. BBGs have an average age of 15, being drawn from the school years nine and ten.

Starting in , BBGs work in teams of six, two at the net, four at the corners, and teams rotate one hour on court, one hour off, two hours depending on the court for the day's play.

With the expansion of the number of courts, and lengthening the tennis day, as of , the number of BBGs required is around Each BBG receives a certificate, a can of used balls, a group photograph and a programme when leaving.

Every BBG keeps all of their kit, typically consisting of three or four shirts, two or three shorts or skorts , track suit bottoms and top, twelve pairs of socks, three pairs of wristbands, a hat, water bottle holder, bag and trainers.

Along with this it is seen as a privilege, and seen as a valuable addition to a school leaver's curriculum vitae , showing discipline. BBG places are split Prospective BBGs are first nominated by their school headteacher , to be considered for selection.

To be selected, a candidate must pass written tests on the rules of tennis, and pass fitness, mobility and other suitability tests, against initial preliminary instruction material.

Successful candidates then commence a training phase, starting in February, in which the final BBGs are chosen through continual assessment.

As of , this training intake was The training includes weekly sessions of physical, procedural and theoretical instruction, to ensure that the BBGs are fast, alert, self-confident and adaptable to situations.

As of , early training occurs at the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis Club Covered Courts, to the side of the Grounds, and then moves to outside courts 8, 9, 10 the week before the Championships for a feel of the grass court.

Dark green and purple are the traditional Wimbledon colours. However, all tennis players participating in the tournament are required to wear all-white or at least almost all-white clothing, a long-time tradition at Wimbledon.

Controversy followed Martina Navratilova 's wearing branding for "Kim" cigarettes in Green clothing was worn by the chair umpire, linesmen, ball boys and ball girls until the Championships; however, beginning with the Championships, officials, ball boys and ball girls were dressed in new navy blue- and cream-coloured uniforms from American designer Ralph Lauren.

This marked the first time in the history of the Championships that an outside company was used to design Wimbledon clothing; the contract with Polo Ralph Lauren ended in By tradition, the "Men's" and "Women's" competitions are referred to as "Gentlemen's" and "Ladies'" competitions at Wimbledon.

The junior competitions are referred to as the "Boys'" and "Girls'" competitions. Prior to female players were referred to by the title "Miss" or "Mrs" on scoreboards.

As dictated by strict rule of etiquette, married female players are referred to by their husbands' names: Lloyd" during her marriage to John Lloyd , since "Mrs.

X" essentially designates the wife of X. This tradition has continued at least to some extent. The title "Mr" is not used for male players who are professionals on scoreboards but the prefix is retained for amateurs, although chair umpires refer to players as "Mr" when they use the replay challenge.

If a match is being played with two competitors of the same surname e. Venus and Serena Williams, Bob and Mike Bryan , the chair umpire will specify to whom they are referring by stating the player's first name and surname during announcements e.

Previously, players bowed or curtsied to members of the royal family seated in the Royal Box upon entering or leaving Centre Court.

Now, players are required to bow or curtsy only if The Prince of Wales , or The Queen is present, [51] as was in practice during the Championships when the Queen was in attendance at Wimbledon on 24 June.

Prior to the Second World War, members of the Brigade of Guards and retired members of the Royal Artillery performed the role of stewards.

In the AELTC offered employment to wartime servicemen returning to civilian life during their demobilisation leave. In London Fire Brigade members joined the ranks of stewards.

The AELTC pays a subsistence allowance to servicemen and women working as stewards to defray their accommodation costs for the period of the Championships.

The Service Stewards are not to be confused with the Honorary Stewards. The majority of centre and show court tickets sold to the general public have since been made available by a public ballot that the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club holds at the start of the year.

Successful applicants are selected at random by a computer. Seats and days are allocated randomly and ballot tickets are not transferrable.

Fans who invest thus in the club receive a pair of tickets for every day of the Wimbledon Championships for the five years the investment lasts.

Wimbledon and the French Open are the only Grand Slam tournaments where fans without tickets for play can queue up and still get seats on the three show courts on the day of the match.

From , there is a single queue, allotted about seats for each court. When they join the queue, fans are handed queue cards.

To get access to the show courts, fans will normally have to queue overnight. The All-England Club allows overnight queuing and provides toilet and water facilities for campers.

Early in the morning when the line moves towards the Grounds, stewards walk along the line and hand out wristbands that are colour-coded to the specific court.

The wrist band and payment is exchanged at the ticket office for the ticket when the grounds open. General admission to the grounds gives access to the outer courts and is possible without queuing overnight.

Tickets returned by people leaving early go on sale at 2: Queuing for the show courts ends after the quarter finals have been completed.

Wimbledon is notable for the longest running sponsorship in sports history due to its association with Slazenger who have supplied all tennis balls during the tournament since Until when its contract ended, [69] Radio Wimbledon could be heard within a five-mile radius on It operated under a Restricted Service Licence.

Presenters included Sam Lloyd and Ali Barton. Typically they worked alternate four-hour shifts until the end of the last match of the day.

Often they reported from the "Crow's Nest", an elevated building housing the Court 3 and 4 scoreboards which affords views of most of the outside courts.

Regular guests included Sue Mappin. In later years Radio Wimbledon acquired a second low-power FM frequency within the grounds only of Hourly news bulletins and travel using RDS were also broadcast.

Beginning with the tournament , an in-house operation known as Wimbledon Broadcasting Services WBS has served as the official host broadcaster of the tournament, replacing BBC Sport.

This can result in live matches being moved across all 3 channels. The BBC holds the broadcast rights for Wimbledon until One of the most notable British commentators was Dan Maskell , who was known as the BBC's "voice of tennis" until his retirement in John Barrett succeeded him in that role until he retired in The coverage is presented by Sue Barker live and Claire Balding highlights.

Highlights of the rest of the tournament must be provided by terrestrial stations; live coverage excepting the finals may be sought by satellite or cable TV.

The BBC was forced to apologise after many viewers complained about "over-talking" by its commentary team during the TV coverage of the event in It said in a statement that views on commentary were subjective but that they "do appreciate that over-talking can irritate our audience".

The BBC added that it hoped it had achieved "the right balance" across its coverage and was "of course sorry if on occasion you have not been satisfied".

Tim Henman and John McEnroe were among the ex-players commentating. Wimbledon was also involved in a piece of television history, when on 1 July the first official colour television broadcast took place in the UK.

Four hours live coverage of the Championships was shown on BBC Two, which was the first television channel in Europe to regularly broadcast in colour.

Footage of that historic match no longer survives, however, the Gentlemen's Final of that year is still held in the BBC archives because it was the first Gentlemen's Final transmitted in colour.

Beginning , all centre court matches are televised in 4K ultra-high-definition. A piece titled "A Sporting Occasion" is the traditional closing theme, though nowadays coverage typically ends either with a montage set to a popular song or with no music at all.

Mansfield also composed the piece "World Champion", used by NBC during intervals change-overs, set breaks, etc. Caroline Murphy was the presenter of the programme.

Live coverage was provided in the Irish language while they broadcast highlights in English at night. In , the network began carrying the Gentlemen's and Ladies' Singles Finals live.

Live coverage started early in the morning the US being a minimum of 5 hours behind the UK and continued well into the afternoon, interspersed with commentary and interviews from Bud Collins , whose tennis acumen and in famous patterned trousers were well known to tennis fans in the US.

From to , premium channel HBO carried weekday coverage of Wimbledon. Previously, weekday coverage in the United States was exclusively handled by ESPN2 during the tournament's first week.

Since the tournament, all live coverage, including the Finals, has been exclusively on ESPN and ESPN2, marking the second major tennis championship after the Australian Open available in the United States exclusively on pay television although taped highlights from the tournament are presented at weekend afternoons on sister network ABC.

In Mexico , the Televisa family of networks has aired Wimbledon since the early s. Presently, most weekend matches are broadcast through Canal 5 with the weekday matches broadcast on the Televisa Deportes Network.

As Mexico is six hours behind the U. Although Mexico had begun broadcasting in colour in , Wimbledon continued to air in black and white in Mexico until colour television came to the United Kingdom in In Brazil, SporTV has exclusive rights to the broadcast.

Although there are some exceptions, as in Denmark, where the Danish channel TV3 Sport and Viaplay, holds the rights to show Wimbledon until In the Netherlands Center Court is shown live on Eurosport 1 and all other courts are shown live on the Eurosport Player.

In Australia , the free-to-air Nine Network covered Wimbledon for almost 40 years but decided to drop their broadcast following the tournament, citing declining ratings and desire to use money saved to bid on other sports coverage.

In April , it was announced that the Seven Network , the host broadcaster of the Australian Open, along with its sister channel 7Two would broadcast the event from Pay television network Fox Sports Australia also covers the event.

In India and its Subcontinental region, it is broadcast on Star Sports. In their new channel, TVNZ Duke also free-to-air , carried an alternative to the main feed, including for example matches on outside courts involving New Zealand players.

Fox Sports Asia holds broadcasting rights across Southeast Asia. Most matches are also available for viewing through internet betting websites and other live streaming services, as television cameras are set up to provide continuous coverage on nearly all the courts.

The Gentlemen's Singles champion is presented with a silver gilt cup The trophy has been awarded since and bears the inscription: The actual trophy remains the property of the All England Club in their museum, so the champion receives a three-quarter size replica of the Cup bearing the names of all past Champions height The Ladies' Singles champion is presented with a sterling silver salver commonly known as the " Venus Rosewater Dish ", or simply the "Rosewater Dish".

The salver, which is The actual dish remains the property of the All England Club in their museum, so the champion receives a miniature replica bearing the names of all past Champions.

From to the replica was 8 inches in diameter, and since it has been a three-quarter size replica with a diameter of A trophy is awarded to each player in the Doubles pair, unlike the other Grand Slam tournaments where the winning Doubles duo shares a single trophy.

The runner-up in each event receives an inscribed silver plate. Prize money was first awarded in , the year that professional players were allowed to compete in the Championships for the first time.

Before , among grand slam tournaments, Wimbledon and the French Open awarded more prize money in men's events than in women's events. In , Wimbledon changed this policy, awarding the same amounts per event category to both men and women.

A further increase of 6. The bulk of the increases were given to players losing in earlier rounds. Sergiy Stakhovsky , a member of the ATP Player Council and who was at the time ranked 68th, was among the most vocal in the push for higher pay for players who bow out in the earlier rounds.

In an interview Stakhovsky intimated that it is not uncommon for lower-ranked players to be in the negative, for certain tour events, if their results weren't stellar.

In , the total prize money rose by Ranking points for the ATP and WTA have varied at Wimbledon through the years but at present singles players receive the following points:.

Novak Djokovic was the winner of the Gentlemen's Singles in Angelique Kerber was the winner of the Ladies' Singles in It was her third Grand Slam Women's Singles title and her first title at Wimbledon after previously having reached the final in Mike Bryan was part of the winning Men's Doubles team in It was his seventeenth Grand Slam Men's Doubles title.

Jack Sock was part of the winning Men's Doubles team in It was his second Grand Slam Men's Doubles title. This was her second Grand Slam Women's Doubles title.

Alexander Peya was part of the winning Mixed Doubles title in Nicole Melichar was part of the winning Mixed Doubles title in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Novak Djokovic Hopman cropped. Tennis portal London portal. This policy was abolished in Retrieved 2 July It's Nadal and Federer".

The New York Times. Retrieved 17 July Britain and the Americas. Culture, Politics, and History. Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 25 June Opens—the former is by far the most prestigious one.

Retrieved 18 July Retrieved 26 June Archived from the original on 21 December Retrieved 5 October Wimbledon Compendium 21st ed. Retrieved 4 January Archived from the original on 15 March Retrieved 4 April Archived from the original on 3 August Retrieved 19 October Final set tie-breaks to be introduced in ".

Archived from the original on 11 August Retrieved 12 November Retrieved 6 June Retrieved 1 January What is Manic Monday". Retrieved 1 September Archived from the original on 19 April Retrieved 27 May The Globe and Mail.

Retrieved 17 June Retrieved 1 May Archived from the original on 7 May Retrieved 7 February Retrieved 6 July Retrieved 11 December Archived from the original on 8 June

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Yannick Maden — Melzer Österreich 5: Aus diesem Jahr sind die ersten verlässlichen Bevölkerungsdaten erhältlich, das Dorf Wimbledon zählte Einwohner. Wir senden Ihnen anschliessend einen Link, über den Sie ein neues Passwort erstellen können. Das Rittergut wurde konfisziert und war nun im Besitz der Krone. Duke of Leeds , den damaligen Lord High Treasurer , verkauft. Damit Sie nicht den Überblick verlieren: Wimbledon war mindestens seit der Eisenzeit besiedelt, als das Hillfort im Wimbledon Common erbaut wurde. Die Stadtbezirksverwaltung war zunächst im Rathaus von Wimbledon untergebracht, wurde dann aber in den frühen er Jahren ins stöckige Crown House in Morden verlegt. Der alte Regent ist wieder zurück auf seinem Thron: Mehr Informationen dazu finden Sie in unserer Datenschutzerklärung. Nachdem mit Georg V. Wimbledon ist das älteste Tennisturnier der Welt. Jahrhunderts auf dem Wimbledon Common Pferderennen stattgefunden hatten. Eine Teilnahme ist dennoch nicht sicher. Die Williams-Schwestern sind als Hardhitterinnen auf Rasen immer konkurrenzfähig. Allerdings wurde er von einem Muskelriss ausgebremst und startete mit dem Training erst einen Tag vor Beginn des Turniers in Halle. After a second year of construction work, No. Spielerin Erreichte Runde 0 1. Beide Halbfinals brechen Rekorde. Wimbledon war somit zu einem Stadtteil von London geworden.

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Wimbledon 2018 Highlights: Federer stunned by Anderson in 5 sets Ende der er Jahre erreichte die Bevölkerungszahl ihren Höhepunkt und der Schwerpunkt des Wachstums verlagerte sich nach dem Bau casino online be Northern Line in Richtung Mordendas bis dahin noch ländlich geblieben war. Der gegründete FC Wimbledon spielte zunächst als Amateurverein, wurde in die Football League aufgenommen und stieg in die mit handy auf paypal einzahlen Liga auf. Von bis war Wimbledon im Besitz von Reginald Pole. Die ersten Lawn Tennis Championships begannen am 9. Allerdings erwähnte winbledon keine weiteren Details, so dass nicht bekannt ist, wie erfolgreich die Veranstaltung war und wie lange sie ausgetragen wurde. Als die Spencers weitere Teile des Thunder buddy verkaufen wollten, erhielten sie dafür keine Genehmigung und das Gelände wurde an einen Ausschuss übertragen, um den natürlichen Zustand zu erhalten. Wimbledon war somit zu einem Stadtteil von London geworden. Murray fiel mit einer Hüftverletzung fast ein Jahr aus. Wimbledon-Siegerin Angelique Handball live stream deutschland überglücklich. Welt Bolsonaro lässt Brasilien beben

The capacity of the stadium is also set to rise by taking the total capacity up to 12, From , a new No. To obtain planning permission , the playing surface is around 3.

In a new No. Because of the summer climate in southern England, Wimbledon employs 'Court Attendants' each year, who work to maintain court conditions.

Their principal responsibility is to ensure that the courts are quickly covered when it begins to rain, so that play can resume as quickly as possible once the referees decide to uncover the courts.

The court attendants are mainly university students working to make summer money. Centre Court is covered by full-time groundstaff, however.

At the northern end of the grounds is a giant television screen on which important matches are broadcast. Fans watch from an area of grass officially known as the Aorangi Terrace.

When British players do well at Wimbledon, the hill attracts fans for them, and is often renamed after them by the press: As both of them have now retired and Andy Murray is the number 1 British player, the hill is occasionally referred to as "Murray Mound" or " Murrayfield ", as a reference to his Scottish heritage and the Scottish rugby ground of the same name, but this has largely failed to catch on — the area is still usually referred to as Henman Hill.

None of these nicknames are official. The qualifying matches, prior to the main draw, take place at the Bank of England Sports Ground, in Roehampton , 3.

Social commentator Ellis Cashmore describes Wimbledon as having "a David Niven -ish propriety", conforming to the standards of behaviour common in the s.

Writer Peter York sees the event as representing a particular white and affluent type of Britishness, describing the area of Wimbledon as "a southern, well off, late-Victorian suburb with a particular social character".

Cashmore has criticised the event for being "remote and insulated" from the changing multicultural character of modern Britain, describing it as "nobody's idea of all-things-British".

In the championship games, ball boys and girls, known as BBGs, play a crucial role in the smooth running of the tournament, with a brief that a good BBG "should not be seen.

They should blend into the background and get on with their jobs quietly. From ball boys were supplied by Goldings, [42] the only Barnardos school to provide them.

Prior to this, from the s onwards, the ball boys had been provided by The Shaftesbury Children's Home. Since , BBGs have been provided by local schools.

As of they are drawn from schools in the London boroughs of Merton , Sutton , Kingston , and Wandsworth , as well as from Surrey.

This was possibly owing to their proximity to the club. BBGs have an average age of 15, being drawn from the school years nine and ten.

Starting in , BBGs work in teams of six, two at the net, four at the corners, and teams rotate one hour on court, one hour off, two hours depending on the court for the day's play.

With the expansion of the number of courts, and lengthening the tennis day, as of , the number of BBGs required is around Each BBG receives a certificate, a can of used balls, a group photograph and a programme when leaving.

Every BBG keeps all of their kit, typically consisting of three or four shirts, two or three shorts or skorts , track suit bottoms and top, twelve pairs of socks, three pairs of wristbands, a hat, water bottle holder, bag and trainers.

Along with this it is seen as a privilege, and seen as a valuable addition to a school leaver's curriculum vitae , showing discipline.

BBG places are split Prospective BBGs are first nominated by their school headteacher , to be considered for selection. To be selected, a candidate must pass written tests on the rules of tennis, and pass fitness, mobility and other suitability tests, against initial preliminary instruction material.

Successful candidates then commence a training phase, starting in February, in which the final BBGs are chosen through continual assessment. As of , this training intake was The training includes weekly sessions of physical, procedural and theoretical instruction, to ensure that the BBGs are fast, alert, self-confident and adaptable to situations.

As of , early training occurs at the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis Club Covered Courts, to the side of the Grounds, and then moves to outside courts 8, 9, 10 the week before the Championships for a feel of the grass court.

Dark green and purple are the traditional Wimbledon colours. However, all tennis players participating in the tournament are required to wear all-white or at least almost all-white clothing, a long-time tradition at Wimbledon.

Controversy followed Martina Navratilova 's wearing branding for "Kim" cigarettes in Green clothing was worn by the chair umpire, linesmen, ball boys and ball girls until the Championships; however, beginning with the Championships, officials, ball boys and ball girls were dressed in new navy blue- and cream-coloured uniforms from American designer Ralph Lauren.

This marked the first time in the history of the Championships that an outside company was used to design Wimbledon clothing; the contract with Polo Ralph Lauren ended in By tradition, the "Men's" and "Women's" competitions are referred to as "Gentlemen's" and "Ladies'" competitions at Wimbledon.

The junior competitions are referred to as the "Boys'" and "Girls'" competitions. Prior to female players were referred to by the title "Miss" or "Mrs" on scoreboards.

As dictated by strict rule of etiquette, married female players are referred to by their husbands' names: Lloyd" during her marriage to John Lloyd , since "Mrs.

X" essentially designates the wife of X. This tradition has continued at least to some extent. The title "Mr" is not used for male players who are professionals on scoreboards but the prefix is retained for amateurs, although chair umpires refer to players as "Mr" when they use the replay challenge.

If a match is being played with two competitors of the same surname e. Venus and Serena Williams, Bob and Mike Bryan , the chair umpire will specify to whom they are referring by stating the player's first name and surname during announcements e.

Previously, players bowed or curtsied to members of the royal family seated in the Royal Box upon entering or leaving Centre Court.

Now, players are required to bow or curtsy only if The Prince of Wales , or The Queen is present, [51] as was in practice during the Championships when the Queen was in attendance at Wimbledon on 24 June.

Prior to the Second World War, members of the Brigade of Guards and retired members of the Royal Artillery performed the role of stewards.

In the AELTC offered employment to wartime servicemen returning to civilian life during their demobilisation leave. In London Fire Brigade members joined the ranks of stewards.

The AELTC pays a subsistence allowance to servicemen and women working as stewards to defray their accommodation costs for the period of the Championships.

The Service Stewards are not to be confused with the Honorary Stewards. The majority of centre and show court tickets sold to the general public have since been made available by a public ballot that the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club holds at the start of the year.

Successful applicants are selected at random by a computer. Seats and days are allocated randomly and ballot tickets are not transferrable.

Fans who invest thus in the club receive a pair of tickets for every day of the Wimbledon Championships for the five years the investment lasts.

Wimbledon and the French Open are the only Grand Slam tournaments where fans without tickets for play can queue up and still get seats on the three show courts on the day of the match.

From , there is a single queue, allotted about seats for each court. When they join the queue, fans are handed queue cards.

To get access to the show courts, fans will normally have to queue overnight. The All-England Club allows overnight queuing and provides toilet and water facilities for campers.

Early in the morning when the line moves towards the Grounds, stewards walk along the line and hand out wristbands that are colour-coded to the specific court.

The wrist band and payment is exchanged at the ticket office for the ticket when the grounds open. General admission to the grounds gives access to the outer courts and is possible without queuing overnight.

Tickets returned by people leaving early go on sale at 2: Queuing for the show courts ends after the quarter finals have been completed. Wimbledon is notable for the longest running sponsorship in sports history due to its association with Slazenger who have supplied all tennis balls during the tournament since Until when its contract ended, [69] Radio Wimbledon could be heard within a five-mile radius on It operated under a Restricted Service Licence.

Presenters included Sam Lloyd and Ali Barton. Typically they worked alternate four-hour shifts until the end of the last match of the day.

Often they reported from the "Crow's Nest", an elevated building housing the Court 3 and 4 scoreboards which affords views of most of the outside courts.

Regular guests included Sue Mappin. In later years Radio Wimbledon acquired a second low-power FM frequency within the grounds only of Hourly news bulletins and travel using RDS were also broadcast.

Beginning with the tournament , an in-house operation known as Wimbledon Broadcasting Services WBS has served as the official host broadcaster of the tournament, replacing BBC Sport.

This can result in live matches being moved across all 3 channels. The BBC holds the broadcast rights for Wimbledon until One of the most notable British commentators was Dan Maskell , who was known as the BBC's "voice of tennis" until his retirement in John Barrett succeeded him in that role until he retired in The coverage is presented by Sue Barker live and Claire Balding highlights.

Highlights of the rest of the tournament must be provided by terrestrial stations; live coverage excepting the finals may be sought by satellite or cable TV.

The BBC was forced to apologise after many viewers complained about "over-talking" by its commentary team during the TV coverage of the event in It said in a statement that views on commentary were subjective but that they "do appreciate that over-talking can irritate our audience".

The BBC added that it hoped it had achieved "the right balance" across its coverage and was "of course sorry if on occasion you have not been satisfied".

Tim Henman and John McEnroe were among the ex-players commentating. Wimbledon was also involved in a piece of television history, when on 1 July the first official colour television broadcast took place in the UK.

Four hours live coverage of the Championships was shown on BBC Two, which was the first television channel in Europe to regularly broadcast in colour.

Footage of that historic match no longer survives, however, the Gentlemen's Final of that year is still held in the BBC archives because it was the first Gentlemen's Final transmitted in colour.

Beginning , all centre court matches are televised in 4K ultra-high-definition. A piece titled "A Sporting Occasion" is the traditional closing theme, though nowadays coverage typically ends either with a montage set to a popular song or with no music at all.

Mansfield also composed the piece "World Champion", used by NBC during intervals change-overs, set breaks, etc. Caroline Murphy was the presenter of the programme.

Live coverage was provided in the Irish language while they broadcast highlights in English at night. In , the network began carrying the Gentlemen's and Ladies' Singles Finals live.

Live coverage started early in the morning the US being a minimum of 5 hours behind the UK and continued well into the afternoon, interspersed with commentary and interviews from Bud Collins , whose tennis acumen and in famous patterned trousers were well known to tennis fans in the US.

From to , premium channel HBO carried weekday coverage of Wimbledon. Previously, weekday coverage in the United States was exclusively handled by ESPN2 during the tournament's first week.

Since the tournament, all live coverage, including the Finals, has been exclusively on ESPN and ESPN2, marking the second major tennis championship after the Australian Open available in the United States exclusively on pay television although taped highlights from the tournament are presented at weekend afternoons on sister network ABC.

In Mexico , the Televisa family of networks has aired Wimbledon since the early s. Presently, most weekend matches are broadcast through Canal 5 with the weekday matches broadcast on the Televisa Deportes Network.

As Mexico is six hours behind the U. Although Mexico had begun broadcasting in colour in , Wimbledon continued to air in black and white in Mexico until colour television came to the United Kingdom in In Brazil, SporTV has exclusive rights to the broadcast.

Although there are some exceptions, as in Denmark, where the Danish channel TV3 Sport and Viaplay, holds the rights to show Wimbledon until In the Netherlands Center Court is shown live on Eurosport 1 and all other courts are shown live on the Eurosport Player.

In Australia , the free-to-air Nine Network covered Wimbledon for almost 40 years but decided to drop their broadcast following the tournament, citing declining ratings and desire to use money saved to bid on other sports coverage.

In April , it was announced that the Seven Network , the host broadcaster of the Australian Open, along with its sister channel 7Two would broadcast the event from Pay television network Fox Sports Australia also covers the event.

In India and its Subcontinental region, it is broadcast on Star Sports. In their new channel, TVNZ Duke also free-to-air , carried an alternative to the main feed, including for example matches on outside courts involving New Zealand players.

Despite an epic, five-set thriller to depose the defending champion, South Africa's Kevin Anderson is retaining a quiet focus to deliver two more Wimbledon victories.

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Courier out as U. Davis Cup captain 43d. Wimbledon House, a separate residence close to the village at the south end of Parkside near present-day Peek Crescent , was home in the s to the exiled French statesman Vicomte de Calonne , and later to the mother of writer Frederick Marryat.

Their association with the area is recorded in the names of nearby Calonne and Marryat Roads. Directly south of the common, the earlyth-century Warren House called Cannizaro House from was home to a series of grand residents.

For a number of years Wimbledon Park was leased to the Duke of Somerset , who briefly in the s employed a young Joseph Paxton as one of his gardeners, but, in the s, the Spencer family sold the park as building land.

A period of residential development began with the construction of large detached houses in the north of the park.

In , the Spencers attempted to get parliamentary permission [6] to enclose the common for the creation of a new park with a house and gardens and to sell part for building.

Following an enquiry, permission was refused and a board of conservators was established in [7] [8] to take ownership of the common and preserve it in its natural condition.

Transport links expanded further with new railway lines to Croydon Wimbledon and Croydon Railway, opened in and Tooting Tooting, Merton and Wimbledon Railway, opened in The District Railway now London Underground 's District line extended its service over new tracks from Putney in In the second half of the century, Wimbledon experienced a very rapid expansion of its population.

During this, time large numbers of villas and terraced houses were built along the roads from the centre towards neighbouring Putney, Merton Park and Raynes Park.

The commercial and civic development of the town also accelerated during this period. Ely's department store opened in and shops began to stretch along the Broadway towards Merton.

Wimbledon built its first police station in Cultural developments included a Literary Institute by the early s and the opening of Wimbledon Library in The religious needs of the growing population were dealt with by a church building programme starting with the rebuilding of St Mary's Church in and the construction of Christ Church and Trinity Church Street names reflect the period: The change of character of Wimbledon from village to small town was recognised in when, under the Local Government Act , it formed the Wimbledon Urban District with an elected council.

Wimbledon's population continued to grow at the start of the 20th century, a condition recognised in when the urban district was incorporated as the Municipal Borough of Wimbledon , with the power to select a Mayor.

By the end of the first decade of the new century Wimbledon had established the beginnings of the Wimbledon School of Art at the Gladstone Road Technical Institute and acquired its first cinema and the theatre.

Somewhat unusually, at its opening the theatre's facilities included a Turkish baths. In , the council built itself a new red brick and Portland stone Town Hall next to the station on the corner of Queen's Road and Wimbledon Bridge.

By the s, residential expansion had peaked in Wimbledon and the new focus for local growth had moved to neighbouring Morden which had remained rural until the arrival of the Underground at Morden station in Wimbledon station was rebuilt by Southern Railway with a simple Portland stone facade for the opening of a new railway branch line from Wimbledon to Sutton.

The Wimbledon to Sutton line opened in Damage to housing stock in Wimbledon and other parts of London during the Second World War led to the final major building phase when many of the earlier Victorian houses built with large grounds in Wimbledon Park were sub-divided into apartments or demolished and replaced with apartment blocks.

Other parts of Wimbledon Park which had previously escaped being built upon saw local authority estates constructed by the borough council to house some of those who had lost their homes.

Initially, the new borough's administrative centre was at Wimbledon Town Hall but this moved to the fourteen-storey Crown House in Morden in the early s.

During the s and s, Wimbledon town centre struggled to compete commercially with the more developed centres at Kingston and Sutton. Part of the problem was the shortage of locations for large anchor stores to attract customers.

After a number of years in which the council seemed unable to find a solution, The Centre Court shopping centre was developed on land next to the station providing the much needed focus for retail expansion.

The shopping centre incorporated the old town hall building. A new portico, in keeping with the old work, was designed by Sir George Grenfell-Baines who had worked on the original designs over fifty years earlier.

Wimbledon lies in the south west area of London , south of Wandsworth , west of Mitcham , north of Sutton and east of Kingston upon Thames on the outskirts of Greater London.

It is 7 miles The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

It is considered an affluent suburb with a mix of grand Victorian houses, modern housing and low rise apartments.

The population consists around 68, adults, the majority in the ABC1 social group. Wimbledon is covered by several wards in the London Borough of Merton, making it difficult to produce statistics for the town as a whole.

Locals, newsagents, tradesman and Estate Agents refer to certain streets informally after their "street name" themes:. At the time the Domesday Book was compiled around , Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake.

The ownership of the manor of Wimbledon changed hands many times during its history. Wimbledon formed the name of a larger borough of Wimbledon and was within the county of Surrey ; it was absorbed into the London Borough of Merton as part of the creation of Greater London in In the businesses in Wimbledon voted for the introduction of a Business Improvement District.

Love Wimbledon was formed in April , funded and managed by the business community to promote and enhance the town center. In the s, at the bottom of the hill on land between the railway line and Worple Road, the All-England Croquet Club had begun to hold its annual championships.

But the popularity of croquet was waning as the new sport of lawn tennis began to spread and after initially setting aside just one of its lawns for tennis, the club decided to hold its first Lawn Tennis Championship in July By , the popularity of tennis had grown to the extent that the club's small ground could no longer cope with the numbers of spectators and the renamed All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club moved to new grounds close to Wimbledon Park.

Wimbledon has also been well known for another period of sporting fame. From a small, long-established non-League team, Wimbledon Football Club had, from , climbed quickly through the ranks of the Football League structure, reaching the highest national professional league in and winning the FA Cup against Liverpool in However, the proximity of other more established teams, such as Chelsea and Fulham and its small ground, meant that the club struggled to increase its fan base to the size needed to maintain a top-flight team.

In the team was relegated from the top division of English football after 14 years. Wimbledon moved into a stadium at Plough Lane in and played there for 79 years, until beginning a groundshare with Crystal Palace at Selhurst Park near Croydon , as their progress through the Football League meant that redeveloping Plough Lane to the required modern standards was impractical.

The stadium stood dormant for 10 years until it was finally demolished in A housing development now occupies the site. In May , an FA commission controversially allowed the owners of the club to relocate 70 miles north to the town of Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire , despite vehement fan protests.

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